Who made up the new middle class in medieval society? This is a question that historians have been debating for years. There is no easy answer, as the middle class was composed of a variety of people with different social and economic backgrounds. However, we can narrow it down to a few key groups: merchants, artisans, and professionals.
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Who made up the new middle class in medieval society?
The new middle class was made up of a variety of people in medieval society. This includes merchants, artisans, and even some peasants. They were able to improve their social status and become more prosperous by becoming involved in trade and industry. Many of them were also able to obtain governmental positions. The new middle class had a significant impact on the economy and politics of medieval society.
What were their occupations?
There was a significant increase in the number of people involved in trading and manufacturing during the medieval period. This led to the rise of a new middle class, whose members were known as burghers.
Burghers were typically involved in occupations such as banking, trading, and craftsmanship. They were also often members of the merchant class, which played a vital role in the economy of medieval Europe.
The burghers represented a significant change from the feudal system that had dominated medieval society. They were more prosperous and had more power than the lower classes, but they were still below the nobility in terms of social status.
What were their social status and political power?
The new middle class in medieval society were the bourgeoisie. They were the people who lived in the towns and cities and were involved in trade, commerce, and industry. The bourgeoisie had a higher social status than the peasants but were not as powerful as the nobility.
How did they live?
The new middle class in medieval society was made up of townspeople and merchants. They were free from the feudal system that restricted the lives of peasants and nobles. This allowed them to live a more comfortable life than those who were bound by feudalism.
Townspeople were able to own their own homes and businesses. They could also choose to work in a variety of occupations. Merchants were able to travel, which allowed them to sell their goods to a wider market. This increased their wealth and status.
The new middle class had a higher standard of living than the peasants and nobles. They could afford creature comforts that were out of reach for most people. This included items such as furniture, books, and nice clothing. They also had access to better medical care and education.
What were their values?
There is no single answer to this question as the middle class in medieval society was comprised of a number of different groups with different values. However, some of the values commonly associated with the middle class include a focus on education, a commitment to hard work, and a belief in the importance of social mobility.
What was their relationship to the upper and lower classes?
The new middle class in Medieval society were those who were neither upper nor lower class. They were the Merchant class, the artisans, and the peasants who owned their own land. They were considered to be of a higher social status than the lower class but not as high as the upper class. The new middle class had a close relationship with both the upper and lower classes.
How did they view themselves?
The New Middle Class in medieval society can be best described as those who were neither nobles nor peasants. This class is typically thought to have arisen in the 12th and 13th centuries, although some scholars date it back to the 11th century. These individuals were often educated and held positions in the church, government, or business. They viewed themselves as being distinct from both the nobility and the peasantry and sometimes even saw themselves as superior to those groups.
What were their major concerns?
The term “Middle Ages” has been used to describe European history from the collapse of the Roman Empire in the west (c. 476) until the fall of Constantinople and the end of the Eastern Roman Empire in the late medieval period (c. 1453).1 In a more restricted sense, “the Middle Ages” are often referred to as the years between 1000 and 1300—the HIGH Middle Ages.2 This period is characterized as a time of increased trade and commerce (the rise of towns), improved agriculture (the development of new crops and farming techniques), and advances in learning (the founding of universities).3
During this time, a new class of people known as the bourgeoisie began to emerge.4 The word bourgeoisie comes from the French word for “townsman” or “townsperson.”5 Unlike the aristocracy, who were born into wealth and power, or the peasantry, who worked the land for subsistence, the bourgeoisie were merchants, tradespeople, and artisans who acquired their wealth through their own enterprise.6 They were also sometimes called “the third estate,” distinct from both the nobility (first estate) and the peasantry (second estate).7
The concerns of this new middle class were different from those of other social groups. For example, while nobles sought to maintain their power and position within a feudal hierarchy, bourgeoisies were more interested in acquiring money and possessions.8 This difference is reflected in their respective roles in medieval society. Nobles held positions of political power while bourgeoisies were engaged primarily in economic activity.9
The rise of the bourgeoisie was a significant development in medieval society. This new social class brought with it increased trade and commerce, which led to economic growth and prosperity. The emergence of this class also had a profound impact on politics and culture, as bourgeois values began to replace those of traditional aristocracy.
How did they view the world around them?
The new middle class in medieval society were made up of tradesmen, merchants, and land-owning farmers. They viewed the world around them with a mix of suspicion and curiosity.
They were not as direct heirs to the aristocratic way of life, but they were influenced by the growing idea of meritocracy. This is the belief that people should be judged according to their ability and not their social class.
The new middle class in medieval society was also shaped by the growth of cities. Urbanization meant that more people were living in close proximity to each other. This led to a new way of life that was based around trade and commerce.
What was their impact on medieval society?
The new middle class in medieval society was composed of merchants, tradesmen, and other professionals. This group was not as wealthy as the nobility, but they had more money than the peasantry. The new middle class had a significant impact on medieval society. They were able to buy luxury goods and patronize the arts. They also helped to fund the construction of cathedrals and other religious buildings.